Smiling & Crying Countries

Switzerland used to be the world’s happiest country according to United Nation World Happiness Report, but in the latest 2016 report, Denmark has again topped the happy list. The ranking was primarily based on six key categories, namely a nation’s gross domestic product per capita, social support, healthy-life expectancy, personal freedom, charitable giving and perceive corruption with 157 countries being evaluated.

The report found that inequality strongly contributed to unhappiness. Hence, rich countries such as United States, where rising contrast in health, wealth and income have created political discontent. However the survey also showed that countries like Japan, Ireland and Iceland were able to maintain their happiness levels despite external shocks such as the 2011 earthquake and the post 2007 financial crisis, mainly because of its strong social support and solidarity.

The western countries with strong social society nets filled the top spots with Denmark leading followed by Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Canada, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden. On the other hand, the war-torn countries such as Syria, Togo, Benin, Guinea, Liberia, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Rwanda and Madagascar were the least happy country with Burundi finishing last. Many of these nations are politically unstable mostly due to war and conflict. Not to mention already impoverished and disease-stricken.

Other powerful countries such as Russia is ranked 56, China 83 and India 118. Smaller South East Asian countries such as Singapore is at 22, Thailand 33 and Malaysia 47 respectively.

This survey was conducted between 2013 and 2015. A lot have changed since, especially when it comes to issues of corruptions and terrorism but overall still a good indicator.

根据联合国世界的幸福感调查报告,瑞士曾是世界上最幸福的国家,但在最新2016年的报告中,丹麦却再次高居榜首。这项排名是基于6项关键类别,列表中的国家人均生产总值(GDP)、社会支援、健康寿命、个人自由,慈善捐赠和贪腐感知,以157个国家状况进行评估。

该报告发现,社会的不平等摧毁了幸福感。因此,即使富裕国家如美国,由于在健康,财富和收入的对比差距也酿成政治不满。而日本,爱尔兰和冰岛等国家尽管受到外部冲击,如2011年大地震和2007年后金融危机,依旧能够维持幸福水平,这是因为强大社会支持和声援的基础。

拥有坚固社会支援网络,幸福感领先的西方国家依次是瑞士、冰岛、挪威、芬兰、加拿大、荷兰、新西兰,澳大利亚,瑞典与丹麦。而叙利亚、多哥、贝宁、几内亚、利比里亚、坦桑尼亚、阿富汗,卢旺达,马达加斯与布隆迪这些饱受战争蹂躏的国家,却是最不幸福的国家,上述国家常年战争和政局冲突,加上受到贫困和疾病缠绕。

至于其他强大的国家,如俄罗斯排名56位,中国83和印度118。至于较小的东南亚国家,如新加坡是22位,泰国33和马来西亚分别47。

这项在2013与2015年间进行的调查,虽然已产生变化,尤其涉及贪腐课题与恐怖主义,但总体还算是最佳指标。

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